What Causes Cavities?

Table of Contents

What Is A Cavity?

What Causes Cavities?

Cavities are a hole in a tooth that develops from tooth decay. In Latin, carries means rotten or foul. Mess caries is a tooth disease caused by bacteria.
Our bodies are occupied by numerous bacteria settlements that usually start immediately after birth because of our parents and environment. Not all bacteria are harmful.
For example, symbiotic bacteria are the bacterial flora in the intestinal tract that is crucial for our survival. Other bacteria settle in niches. 

These are called commensal bacteria. We do not benefit from them directly; however, settlement of such places by commensal bacteria, for example, in the skin, prevents these areas from being inhabited by other harmful bacteria. 

Sometimes bacteria and hosts struggle in a fight for dominance doctors call such germs opportunists.
If the host is damaged by bacterial dominance, the bacteria win; these germs are called pathogens; we have many bacteria in our mouths.

Some live in essential niches and prevent other aggressive germs from ever settling, while others live alongside us.
This means that we have both symbiotic and commensal bacteria in our mouths; however, the bacterial flora can change instantly due to changes in life circumstances. Commensal bacteria can suddenly turn into pathogenic germs. This happens with the essential factors that are sure to host factors, plaque and time.
Host factors encompass all aspects of the host, such as tooth anatomy, saliva composition, and cleaning habits. Plaque is a layer on the teeth consisting of saliva parts, bacteria and carbohydrates and forms when the teeth are not appropriately cleaned.
When all these factors come together, poor cleaning habits plaque and the time they lead to the formation of caries will now use the animation to take a little tour into the plaque itself.


What Causes Cavities?

What is it that lives on our teeth, gums, and tongue?
These microbes can be good or bad, and the bad ones can cause tooth decay.
Many bacteria cause tooth decay: Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus, and Lactobacillus. This is not exaggerated: as soon as we eat something, our harmful, tiny microbes initiate a fierce battle in our mouths.
The bacteria use every bit of leftover foods and drinks that contain sugar or starch as ingredients to produce acids that can eat away the tooth’s most rigid surface, the enamel.
The wound in the tooth that we’ve noticed is the dental cavity and the surrounding devastating, sticky, transparent film of microbes as dental plaque.
Battling the destruction the microbes have brought is the minerals in our saliva, consisting mainly of Calcium and Phosphate.
After each acid attack, the saliva remineralizes the damaged enamel with Flouride from the toothpaste, water, and other sources.
This battle of scraping minerals away and cementing them back to enamel always happens at any time for as long as the person is alive.

However, a constant acid attack may overburden the ability of saliva to heal the tooth.
This means that the frequent eating and drinking of sugar and starch that we all love arms the bacteria to defeat the good guy, saliva.
The enamel’s recovery rate will be outrun by the repeated cycles of acid damage, causing it to lose minerals.
An early sign of decay may show in the form of a white spot where the mineral is lacking. If action is taken at this point, by supplying enough minerals and Fluoride, the enamel can still repair itself, and the decay can be stopped or even reversed.
But if we consume sugar and starch mindlessly, more minerals will be lost, and the decay process will continue beyond repair. The enamel will be weakened and eventually destroyed, forming a dental cavity.
To save the damaged tooth, we require the help of a dentist to fill the hole with materials such as composite resin. Tooth decay can be avoided by eating or drinking less sugar and starches.
Frequent use of fluoride-containing mouthwashes, gels, toothpaste, and tablets will also fortify the enamel.


How To Prevent Cavities?

four ways to prevent cavities:
a cavity is a hole in your tooth that can grow bigger and deeper, causing sensitivity and pain.
Cavities are caused by poor oral hygiene, which allows plaque to build up and attack the tooth enamel.
While brushing and flossing are two essential daily habits for maintaining healthy teeth and gums, you can do several other simple things to avoid cavities:

  • Number one: drink plenty of water. It is essential to stay hydrated for many reasons but did you know it could help you prevent cavities?
    Opting for water rather than a sugary drink will reduce the amount of sugar for bacteria to feed on and flush away from food particles before they can become plaque.
  • Number two, reducing sugar intake.
    Certain harmful oral bacteria feed on the sugars you eat to create acids that destroy the tooth enamel, which is the tooth’s protective outer layer.
    Snacking between meals increases the time it is produced, causing more damage to your teeth to prevent cavities, limiting sugar intake, and reducing snacking.
Cavities 4
  • Number three fluoride treatments.
    Fluoride is a mineral that prevents tooth decay and reverses it in its early stages at your Copperhills Dental visit to prevent cavities. We offer a professional fluoride treatment after your dental exam and cleaning.
    It is also best to use toothpaste with Fluoride to get the most out of brushing.
  • Number four, early detection of cavities can save you time and money, so regular dental visits are imperative to good oral health at Copperhills Family Dentistry.

Some people are more susceptible to cavities than others, but everyone’s oral health can be improved by brushing and flossing daily and regular visits to the dentist. Schedule your next dental visit.


Copperhills Family Dentistry specialists provide specialized dental services that help our patients cultivate healthy and happy smiles. We’re happy to provide compassionate care coupled with cutting-edge technology.

How Do Cavities Work?

Why do I have a cavity? Where does it come from?
Well, consider this, your tooth is made of three main parts.
We have the outer layer, the enamel. That’s like the tough, hard candy coating shell.
And then below that, you have dentin. That makes up most of your tooth, but it’s softer than the enamel.
It’s kind of like an elephant’s tusk– ivory. And then inside of that, you have the blood supply and the nerve– protected, surrounded by the dentin, surrounded by the enamel. But then, outside of that, you have things
called bacteria living in your mouth. They do all sorts of beneficial things.
But certain kinds of bacteria produce acid that can eat through the enamel. Once that happens, my friend, you have a cavity.
And if that acid keeps going and keeps eating through the dentin, which it can make it through way faster than it can the enamel, well, eventually, it’s going to make it to the nerve.
And then you have a huge problem. It’s called a nerve that’s on fire with pain because you have a cavity going from the outside to the nerve. And things like water and air and turkey can make it down to this nerve, and you’ve got a lot of pain and need a root canal. So brush your teeth.
It’s all you have to do. If you brush your teeth, you are combating the plaque buildup, which is just a bunch of this acid put out as, well, bacterial poop as it’s eating the stuff on your teeth. It all comes back to brushing your teeth.
What’s your problem? Brush your teeth.

What Causes Cavities?


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